Here is a list of Foods that I find are suitable for Tortoises to eat

 

 

Below is a list of plants and their suitability of being fed to Tortoises

Notes:  The when column tells you how often I would use them. 

Yes - I would feed about twice a week along with usual weeds.  Occasionally - I would feed about once a week along with usual weeds.  Rarely - I would probably feed once a month if I need to.

These foods are always picked, washed and then offered with a sprinkling of calcium carbonate to the tortoises and nutrobal added as required.

Don't forget that Tortoises should NOT be fed shop bought items, apart from perhaps if you are overwintering a tortoise.

Along with these foods I also offer the Pre Alpin food that is a high fibre diet that all tortoises need. This is available from my shop. Nutritional information about pre alpin has its own page.

List updated Winter 2013

 

 

A couple of photos of a good tortoise food area

 

 

Name When What Latin Family
Abutilon moderately flower Abutilon spp. Malvaceae
Aeonium
laxative
leaves
Aeonium spp
Crassulaceae
African  Violet
yes
all
Saintpaulia
Gesneriaceae
Agave/Century Plant
laxative
leaves
Agave spp
Agavaceae
Air Plants/Tillandsia
yes
all
Tillandsia
Bromeliaceae
Alexanders
yes
all
Smyrnium olusatrum
Umbelliferae/Apiaceae
Aloe Vera occasionally leaves Aloe barbadensis Asphodelaceae
Alumminium Plant occasionally all Pilea cadierei Urticaceae
Asparagus
occasionally all Asparagus officinalis
Asparagaceae
Antirrhinum yes all Antirrhinum majus Scrophulariaceae
Artillary Plant/Pilea
occasionally
all
Pilea micrphylla
Urticaceae
Aspidistra occasionally leaves Aspidistra spp. Ruscaceae
Aster occasionally flower Aster spp Asteraceae
Aubrieta occasionally all Aubrietia Brassicaceae
Bamboo occasionally leaves Fargesia spp. Gramineae
Bamboo occasionally leaves Phyllostachys spp. Poaceae
Barley Grass  yes leaves Hordeum spp. Poaceae
Basil  occasionally leaves Ocimum basilicum  Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Bachelor's Buttons
occasionally
all
Centaurea cyanus
 Asteraceae
Bacopa/Trailing Phlox
rarely
flower/leaves
Chcaenostoma cordata
 Scrophulariaceae
Balloon Flower/Chinese Bellflower
 rarelyflowers/leaves
Platycodon grandiflorus
Campanulaceae
Basket of Gold
occasionally
all
Aurinia saxatilis
Brassicaceae
Bay Tree/Bay Leaf
rarely
leaves
Lauraus nobilis
Lauraceae
Beans/Runner/French/String
rarely
leaves
Phaseolus coccineus
Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Bears Breeches Acanthus yes flower Acanthus spp. Acanthaceae
Beech/Common copper
 rarelyleaves
Fagus spp
 Fagaceae
Begonia/Wax Begonia
 occasionally allBegonia semperflorens
 Begoniaceae
Bell Flowers campanula yes all Campanula spp. Campanulaceae
Berberis (thorns) occasionally all Berberis spp. Berberidaceae
Big Betony
occasioanlly
all
Stachys macrantha
Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Bergamot yes all Monarda spp. Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Bindweed Field rarely flower Convolvulus arvensis.  Convolvulaceae
Bindweed Hedge rarely flower Calystegia sepium  Convolvulaceae
Birch/Silver/White/Yellow
rarely
leaves
Betula spp
Betulaceae
Bittercress occasionally all Cardamine spp. Brassicaceae
Black Medic occasionally all Medicago lupulina  Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Blackberry rarely fruit Rubus fruticosus Rosaceae
Boston Fern occasionally leaves Nephrolepsis exaltata Lomariopsidaceae
Bougainvillea rarelyflowers/leaves
Bougainvillea spp
Nyctaginaceae  
Bramble young leaves occasionally leaves Rubus  Rosaceae
Bristly Ox-Tongue yes leaves Picris echioides Asteraceae/ Compositae
Broadleaf Filaree yes all Erodium botrys Geraniaceae
Broadleaf Stonecrop
yes
all
Sedum spathulifolium
Crassulaceae
Brussels/Sprouts
occasionallyallBrassica oleraceae
Brassicaceae
Buddleii occasionally all Buddleia Buddlejaceae
Bugle occasionally all Ajuga  Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Burclover occasionally all Medicago  Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Burnet occasionally young Sanguisorba Rosaceae
Burr Marigold occasionally leaves Bidens tripartita Asteraceae/Compositae
Calceolaria Slipper  yes all Calceolaria spp. Calceolariaceae/Scrophulariaceae
Californian Poppy
rarely
flower
Eschscholzia californica
Papaveraeae
Camelia
rarely
flower
Camellia japonica
Thesceae
Campanula yes all Campanula spp.  Campanulaceae
Cape Fushia occasionally all Phygelius capensis Scrophulariaceae
Carex yes shelter Carex spp. Cyperaceae
Caryopteris/Blue Mist
rarely
all
Caryopteris
 Lamiaceae
Cat's Ears yes all Hypochaeris radicata Asteraceae/Compositae
Cat's Grass
yes
all
Avena sativa
Poaceae/Graminae
Ceanothis/Blue Bush
rarely
all
Ceanothis spp
Rhamnaceae
Chameleon Plant yes all Houttuynia cordata Saururaceae
Chard/Swiss Chard
rarely
all
Beta vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Charlock Mustard occasionally all Sinapis arvensis Brassicaceae
Chicory occasionally all Cichorium endivia Asteracaea/Compositae
Chinese Bellflower occasionally all Platycodon grandiflorus Campanulaceae
Christmas Cactus occasionally all Schlumbergera bridgesii  Cactaceae
Chrysanthemum
occasionally
all
Chrysanthemum spp
Asteraceae/Compositae
Cinquefoil occasionally all Potentilla  Rosaceae
Cistus/Rock Rose
rarely
all
Cistus spp
Cistaceae
Clarkia (Godetia) yes all Clarkia spp Onagraceae
Clover occasionally young   Trifolium spp. Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Coleus/Flame nettle
yes leaves Coleus spp.  Lamiaceae
Coneflower (Echinacea) occasionally all Echinacea Asteraceae/Compositae
Coreopsis/Tickseed yes all Coreopsis spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Coriander rarely all Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae
Cornflower occasionally young Centaurea cyanus Asteraceae/Compositae
Corn Salad/Lamb's Lettuce
yes
all
Valerianella spp
Valerianaceae
Cos Lettuce occasionally leaves Lactuca sativa Asteraceae/Compositae
Cosmos occasionally all Cosmos spp Asteraceae/Compositae
Couch Grass/Dog Grass
yes
all
Elymus repens
Poaceae/Graminae
Crab Apple
 occasionallyblossom
Malus sylvestris
Rosaceae
Cranesbill Geranium yes all Geranium spp. Geraniaceae
Crape Myrtle rarely all Lagerstroemia indica Lythraceae
Creeping Jenny occasionally all Lysimachia nummularia Primulaceae
Creeping Thistle yes young Cirsium arvense Asteraceae/Compositae
Creeping Zinnia
occasionally
all
Sanvitalia spp
Asteraceae/Compositae
Cress/Mustard & Cress
occasionally
all
Lepidium sativum
Brassicaceae/Cruciferae
Cuckoo Flower occasionally all Cardamine pratensis  Brassicaceae
Cucumber occasionally all Cucumis sativus Curcurbitaceae
Cuphea False Heather yes all Cuphea Lythraceae
Dahlia yes all Dahlia spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Dandelion yes leaves Taraxacum officinale Asteraceae/Compositae
Day Lilly yes flower Hemerocallis Hemerocallidaceae
Deadnettle yes all Lamium spp. Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Dianthus rarely all Dianthus spp. Caryophyllaceae
Diascia yes all Diascia spp. Scrophulariaceae
Duckweed for turtles
yes
all
Spirodela; Landoltia
Araceae
Easter Cactus occasionally all Rhipsalidopsis gaertneri; Cactaceae
Echeveria/Hen's & Chicks
occasionally all Echeveria spp. Crassulaceae
Elephant's Ears occasionally all Bergenia spp. Saxifragaceae
Endive occasionally all Chicorum endivia Asteracaea/Compositae
Escallonia occasionally all Escallonia spp. Escalloniaceae
Evening Primrose yes all Oenothera biennis Onagraceae
Everlasting/Helichrysum
occasionally
flowers/leaves
Helichrysum spp
Asteraceae/Compositae
False Castor Oil/Aralia
occasionally
not Berries
Fatsia japonica
Araliaceae
Fescue Grasses
yes
all
Festuca spp
Poaceae
Field Thistle
yes
young
Cirsium arvense
Asteraceae/Compositae
Field Maple/Hedge/Common
rarely
all
Acer campestre
Aceraceae/Sapindaceae
Flowering Currant rarely
flowers/leaves Ribes sanguineum Grossulariaceae
Flowering Quince
rarely
flowers/leaves
Chaenomeles speciosa
Rosaceae
Forget me Knot yes all Myosotis spp. Boraginaceae
Forsythia Flowers rarely flower Forsythia spp. Oleaceae
Fox & Cubs/Hawkweed
occasionally
mature parts
Hieracium aurantiacum
Asteraceae/Compositae
Friendship Plant (Pilea) yes all Pilea spp. Urticaceae
Frisee
occasionally
all
Chicorum endivia
Asteraceae/Compositae
Fushia rarely
all Fuchsia spp. Onagraceae
Garlic Mustard occasionally all Alliaria petiolata Brassicaceae
Gazanias occasionally all Gazania Asteraceae
Gentian/Bitterwort
rarely
all
Gentiana spp
Gentianaceae
Geranium hardy yes flower Geranium  Geraniaceae
Gerbera occasionally all Gerbera spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Globe Artichoke yes all Cynara spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Globe Thistle yes leaves Echinops Asteraceae/Compositae
Gloxinia/Florist/Tuberous yes all Sinningia speciosa Gesneriaceae
Goat's Beard/Salsify
yes
all
Tragopogon spp
Asteraceae/Compositae
Goosegrass, cleaver occasionally all Galium spp. Rubiaceae
Grapevine occasionally young leaves Vitis spp. Vitaceae
Ground Elder
yes
all
Aegopodium podagraria
Umbelliferae
Hawkbit yes all Leontodon spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Hawksbeard yes all Crepis spp. Compositae
Hawkweed occasionally mature parts Hieracium spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Haworthia yes all Haworthia spp. Aloaceae/Asphodelaceae/Liliaceae
Heartleaf Iceplant yes all Aptenia cordifolia Aizoaceae
Heather occasionally shelter Calluna spp. Ericaceae
Hebe yes shelter Hebe spp Scrophulariaceae
Hedge Mustard/English
rarely
all
Sisymbrium officinale
 
Hedge Woundwort yes all Stachys sylvatica Lamiaceae
Herb Robert  rarely all Geranium robertianum Geraniaceae
Heuchera occasionally all Heuchera spp. Saxifragaceae
Hibiscus yes all Hibiscus spp. Malvaceae
Himalayan Balsam occasionally all Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminaceae
Hoary Cress  rarely mature parts Lepidium draba; syn. Brassicaceae
Hollyhock yes all Alcea rosea Malvaceae
Honesty occasionally all Lunaria  Brassicaceae/Cruciferae
Honeysuckle flowers occasionally flower Lonicera spp. Caprifoliaceae
Hop Clover occasionally all Trifolium campestre Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Horse Parsley  occasionally all Smyrnium olusatrum Umbelliferae/Apiaceae
Hosta occasionally all Hosta spp. Funkiaceae/Liliaceae
Hottentot Fig occasionally leaves Carpobrotus edulis  Aizoaceae
House Leek yes all Sempervivum spp. Crassulaceae
Hoya/Wax Plant
rarely
all
Hoya spp
Asclepiadaceae/Apocinaceae
Ice Plant yes all Sedum spectabile; Crassulaceae
Ice Plant trailing
occasionally
all
Delosperma/Lampranthus
Aizoaceae
Ivy leaved Toadflax rarely all Cymbalaria muralis Scrophulariaceae
Jack by the Hedge occasionally
all Alliaria petiolata Brassicaceae
Jade Plant rarely all Crassula ovata  Crassulaceae
Jasmine rarely flower Jasminum spp. Oleaceae
Jerusalem Artichoke rarely tuber Helianthus tuberosus Asteraceae / Compositae
Kale occasionally leaves Brassica oleracea Brassicaceae
Kidney Vetch/Woundwort
occasionally
 Anthyllis vulnerania
Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Kidney Weed/Dichondra
yes
all
Dichonda spp
Convolvulaceae
Knapweed yes all Centaurea spp Asteraceae/Compositae
Knautia Macedonica occasionally flowers/leaves Knautia Macedonica Dipsacaceae
Lady's Bedstraw
rarely
flowers/leaves
Galium verum
Rubiaceae
Lady's Mantle rarely leaves Alchemilla spp Rosaceae
Lamb's Ears rarely leaves Stachys byzantina Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Lamb's Lettuce
yes
all
Valerianella locusta
Valerianaceae
Lavateria
yes
all
Lavateria plebia
Malvaceae
Lavender occasionally shelter Lavandula spp Labiatae
Lemon Balm occasionally shelter Melissa officinalis Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Lilac occasionally all Syringa spp Oleaceae
London Pride occasionally all Saxifraga Saxifragaceae
Magnolia occasionally flower Magnolia spp. Magnoliaceae
Maize/Corn
yes
leaves
Zea mays
Poaceae/Graminae
Mallow yes all Malva spp. Malvaceae
Marguerite Daisy
rarely
all
Argyranthemum/Luecanthemum
Asteraceae/Composite
Marigold/Pot/Field yes flower Calendula spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Marrow/Veg Marrow
rarely
marrow
Cucurbita spp
Cucurbitaceae
Marsh Woundwort
occasionally
all
Stachys palustris
Lamiaceae
Mask Flower
 rarelyall
Alonsoa meridionalis
Scrophulariaceae/Plantaginaceae
Mazus yes
all Mazus reptans Scrophulariaceae/Phrymaceae
Meadowsweet
occasionally
all
Filipendula ulmaria
Rosaceae
Mesembryanthenum yes all Mesembryanthemum Aizoaceae/Ficoidaceae
Mexican Orange Blossom occasionally all Choisya ternata Rutaceae
Michaelmas Daisy occasionally all Aster  Asteraceae/Compositae
Milk Thistle occasionally young leaves Silybum marianum Asteraceae/Compositae
Mimulus yes all Mimulus spp. Phyrmaceae/Scrophulariaceae
Mind your own Business yes all Soleirolia soleirolii  Urticaceae
Miner's Lettuce/Purslane
yes
all
Claytonia perfoliata
Portulacaceae
Mint/Garden/Apple
yes
all
Mentha
Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Moss Rose

occasionally

all
Portulaca grandiflora
Portulacaceae
Mossy Saxifrage
yes
all
Saxifraga
Saxifragaceae
Mountain Ash/Rowan
occasionally
leaves
Sorbus
Rosaceae
Mouse Ear Hawkweed
occasonally
mature parts
Hieracium/Pilosella
Asteraceae/Compositae
Money Plant occasionally leaves Crassula spp.  Crassulaceae
Mulberry Tree occasionally leaves Morus spp Moraceae
Musk Mallow yes flower Malva Moshata Malvaceae
Myrtle occasionally shelter Myrtus communis Myrtaceae
Nasturtium occasionally all Tropaeolum majus Tropaeolaceae
Nemesia yes all Nemesia spp. Scrophulariaceae
Nettle stinging occasionally young leaves Urtica dioica Urticaceae
Nipplewort yes all Lapsana communis Asteraceae/Compositae
Oat/Oatgrass/Wild Oat
yes
all
Avena spp
Poaceae/Graminae
Oilseed Rape
 occasionallyflowersBrassica napus
Brassicaceae
Opuntia yes all Opuntia spp. Cactaceae
Osteospermum rarely flower Osteospermum Compositae / Asteraceae
Ox-eyed Daisy occasionally all Leucanthemum vulgare Asteraceae/Compositae
Pachyphytum Bracteosum occasionally leaves Pachyphytum bracteosum Crassulaceae
Pampas yes shelter Cortaderia selloana Poaceae
Pansy yes all Viola tricolor  Violaceae
Parrot Feather yes all Myriophyllum aquaticum Haloragidaceae
Pelargonium  occasionally all Pelargonium spp. Geraniaceae
Peperomia
yes
all
Peperomia spp
Piperaceae
Petunia occasionally all Petunia spp. Solanaceae
Phlox occasionally all Phlox Polemoniaceae
Pineapple Weed occasionally all Matricaria discoidea Asteraceae/Compositae
Pink Purslane/Spring Beauty
rarely
all
Claytonia sibirica
Portulacaceae
Plantain/major/minor yes all Plantago spp. Plantaginaceae
Poached Egg Plant rarely all Limnanthes douglasii Limnanthaceae
Potentilla also Shrub
rarely all Potentilla atrosanguinea Rosaceae
Prayer Plant yes young leaves Maranta Marantaceae
Prickly Thistle yes young leaves Cirsium arvense Asteraceae/Compositae
Pulmonaria occasionally flower Pulmonaria spp. Boraginaceae
Pumpkin rarely inside Curcurbita spp. Cucurbitaceae
Purple Loosestrife yes all Lythrum salicaria Lythraceae
Radicchio occasionally leaves Chicorum endivia Asteracaea/Compositae
Radish
occasionally
leaves only
Raphanus sativus
Brassicaceae
Ragweed/Bitterweed
rarely
leaves
Ambrosia spp
Asteraceae/Compositae
Red leaf Lettuce yes leaves Lactuca sativa Asteraceae/Compositae
Red Pitaya yes
all Hylocereus spp Cactaceae
Red Valerian yes all Centranthus ruber  Valerianaceae
Rock Rose rarely
shelter Helianthemum nummularium Cistaceae
Romaine occasionally leaves Lactuca sativa Asteraceae/Compositae
Rose  yes all Rosa spp.  Rosaceae
Rosemary occasionally shelter Rosmarinus officinalis Lamiaceae
Russian Vine occasionally all Fallopia baldschuanica Polygonaceae
Sage occasionally shelter Salvia officinalis Labiata
Salvia
rarely
all
Salvia spp
Labiatae/Lamiaceae
Saxifrage/Stonebreakeryes
 Saxifraga spp
Saxiragaceae
Sainfoin rarely all Onobrychis spp. Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Scabious occasionally all Scabious spp Dipsacaceae
Scented Mayweed rarely all Matricaria spp. Asteraceae/Compositae
Scotch Thistle  yes young leaves Onopordum acanthium Asteraceae/Compositae
Sea Holly yes all Eryngium spp. Umbelliferae/Apiaceae
Sedum (not acre) occasionally all Sedum album Crassulaceae
Shasta Daisy/Marguerite
rarely
all
Leucanthemum
Asteraceae/Compositae
Self Heal occasionally all Prunella spp. Lamiaceae
Shepherds Purse occasionally all Capsella bursa-pastoris Brassicaceae
Silver Saxifrage
occasionally
all
Saxifraga
Saxifragaceae
Snow in the Sun occasionally all Cerastium tomentosum Caryophyllaceae
Sowthistle yes all Sonchus spp Asteraceae/Compositae
Speedwell occasionally all Veronica spp Scrophulariaceae
Sphagnum Moss occasionally humidity Sphagnum cymbilifolium Sphagnaceae
Spider Plant yes leaves Chlorophytum comosum Liliaceae
Spiraea yes all Spiraea spp. Rosaceae
Spurrey
rarely
all
Spergularia spp
Caryophyllaceae
Stocks occasionally flower Matthiola spp. Brassicaceae/Cruciferae
Stonecrop broadleaf occasionally all Sedum spathulifolium Crassulaceae
Storksbill rarely all Erodium cicutarium Geraniaceae
Sunflower rarely
flower
Helianthus annuus
Asteraceae/Compositae
Sweet Alyssum occasionally all Alyssum maritimum Brassicaceae
Sweet Woodruff rarely young leaves Gallium odoratum Rubiaceae
Swinecress occasionally all Coronopus spp Cruciferae/Brassicaceae
Swiss Chard occasionally all Beta vulgaris Chenopodiaceae
Teasel yes young leaves Dipsacus fullonum Dipsacaceae
Thrift/Ladies Cushions
occasionally
all
Armeria spp
Plumbaginaceae
Thyme
occasionally
all
Thymus spp
Laminaceae/Labiatae
Tiarella
rarely
all
Tiarella cordifolia
Saxifragaceae
Tradescantia occasionally all Tradescantia spp Commelinaceae
Trumpet Vine occasionally flower Campsis radicans Bignoniaceae
Verbena (Garden not Shrub) occasionally flower Verbena x hybrida  Verbenaceae
Vetches occasionally all Vicia spp. Fabaceae/Leguminosae
Viola yes all Viola spp. Violaceae
Wall Rocket
occasionally
all
Diplotaxis muralis
Brassicaceae
Wandering Jew occasionally leaves Tradescantia Commelinaceae
Water Lettuce
rarely
all
Pistia stratiotes
Araceae
Watercress occasonally
leaves Nasturtium officinale Brassicaceae
Water Hyacinth(turtles)
yes
all
Eichhornia spp
Pontederiaceae
Weigela occasionally all Weigela spp Caprifoliaceae
Welsh Poppy (only) occasionally all Meconopsis Cambrica Papaveraceae
Wheat Grass
yes
all
Triticum spp
Poaceae/Graminae
White Beam
occasionally
leaves
Sorbus aria       Rosaceae
Wild Rocket occasionally all Diplotaxis tenuifolia Brassicaceae
Wild Rose yes all Rosa spp. Rosaceae
Willowherb
rarely
all
Epilobium spp
Onagraceae
Witch Hazel/Winter Bloom
occasionally
all
Hamamelis spp
Hamamelidaceae
Winter Jasmine
occasionally
all
Jasminum nudiflorum
Oleaceae
Wood Betony occasionally leaves Betonica officinalis Lamiaceae/Labiatae
Yellow Archangel yes all Lamium Lamiaceae / Labiatae
Yellow Loosestrife occasionally all Lysimachia vulgaris Primulaceae
Yucca/Palm Lily
occasionally
flowers
Yucca spp
Agavaceae
Zinnia yes all Zinnia spp. Asteraceae/Compositae